Page by: Alondra Medina and Jorge Acosta
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Once you start working, it is important that you remember to always act professionally and show your employer (and colleagues) they made the right choice by adding you to their team! Here are some simple tips to keeping a job:
Federal taxes and State taxes are usually automatically taken out of your paycheck.
"If you have federal taxes withheld from your paycheck, the only way you can receive a refund when excessive amounts are withheld is if you file a tax return. For example, if you are a single taxpayer who earns $2,500 during the year, with $300 withheld for federal tax, then you are entitled to a refund for the entire $300 since you earned less than the standard deduction plus one exemption. The IRS does not automatically issue refunds without a tax return being filed."
Source: https://turbotax.intuit.com/tax-tools/tax-tips/IRS-Tax-Return/Does-Everyone-Need-to-File-an-Income-Tax-Return-/INF14399.html. To file federal taxes, see http://www.irs.gov/uac/Free-File:-Do-Your-Federal-Taxes-for-Free. For state taxes in North Carolina, visit: http://www.dor.state.nc.us/taxes/individual/filing.html
MINIMUM AGE STANDARDS FOR EMPLOYMENT
"Children of any age are generally permitted to work for businesses entirely owned by their parents, except those under 16 may not be employed in mining or manufacturing, and no one under 18 may be employed in any occupation the Secretary of Labor has declared to be hazardous or the Commissioner of Labor has declared to be detrimental."
"Once a youth reaches 18 years of age, he or she is no longer subject to the child labor/youth employment provisions. Youths under 18 years of age must obtain a youth employment certificate (work permit) when employed, even if they are employed by their parents. The certificate and the issuing instructions are obtained from the N.C. Department of Labor Web site: http://www.nclabor.com/wh/youth_instructions.htm."
"Basic minimum age for employment. Sixteen- and 17-year-olds may be employed in any occupation other than those declared hazardous or detrimental. No youth under 18 years of age who is enrolled in school in grade 12 or lower may be employed between 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. when there is school for the youth the next day. Sixteen- and 17-year-old youths may get the hour restriction waived upon written permission from the parent/guardian and from the youth's principal/designee."
14 and 15
"Young persons 14 and 15 years of age may be employed outside school hours in a variety of non-manufacturing and non-hazardous/non-detrimental jobs for limited periods of time and under specified conditions."
OCCUPATIONS BANNED FOR ALL MINORS UNDER THE AGE OF 18
The Hazardous Occupations Orders (HOs)
HO 1. Manufacturing or storing explosives
HO 2. Driving a motor vehicle or work as an outside helper on motor vehicles.
HO 3. Coal mining
HO 4. Logging and sawmilling
HO 5. Power-driven woodworking machines
HO 6. Exposure to radioactive substances and ionizing radiation
HO 7. Power-driven hoisting apparatus
HO 8. Power-driven metal-forming, punching and shearing machines
HO 9. Mining, other than coal
HO 10. Power-driven meat-processing machines, slaughtering and meat packing plants
HO 11. Power-driven bakery machines
HO 12. Power-driven paper-products machines
HO 13. Manufacturing of brick, tile and related products
HO 14. Power-driven circular saws, band saws and guillotine shears
HO 15. Wrecking, demolition, and ship-breaking operations
HO 16. Roofing operations
HO 17. Trenching and excavation operations
You can find more info at http://www.nclabor.com/wh/fact%20sheets/joint_state_fed.htm